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Tax Breaks for Charity Volunteers
If you volunteer your time for a charity, you may qualify for tax breaks. Although no tax deduction is allowed for the value of services performed for a charity, some deductions are permitted for out-of-pocket costs incurred while performing the services. The normal deduction limits and substantiation rules also apply. The following are some examples:
- Away-from-home travel expenses while performing services for a charity, including out-of-pocket roundtrip travel cost, taxi fares, and other costs of transportation between the airport or station and hotel, plus lodging and meals are allowed at 100%. Unlike other areas of taxes, meals are not subject to the 50% limitation. These expenses are only deductible if there is no significant element of personal pleasure associated with the travel, or if your services for a charity do not involve lobbying activities. Any "significant element of personal pleasure" negates a deduction (i.e., not even partial deduction is allowed). Significant personal pleasure is assumed if the taxpayer has only minor duties and is not required to perform any duties for the charity for major portions of the away-from-home stay.
- The cost of entertaining others on behalf of a charity, such as wining and dining a potential large contributor are allowed at 100 % (but the cost of your own entertainment or meal is not deductible).
- If you use your car while performing services for a charitable organization, you may deduct your actual unreimbursed expenses directly attributable to the services, such as gas and oil costs, or you may deduct a flat 14 cents per mile for the charitable use of your car. You may also deduct parking fees and tolls.
- You can deduct the cost of the uniform you wear when doing volunteer work for the charity, as long as the uniform has no general utility. The cost of cleaning the uniform can also be deducted.
- Get written documentation from the charity about the nature of your volunteering activity and the need to pay for related expenses. For example, if you travel out-of-town as a volunteer, request a letter from the charity explaining why you're needed at the out-of-town location.
- Submit a statement of expenses if you are out-of-pocket for substantial amounts, and preferably, a copy of the receipts to the charity. Also, arrange for the charity to acknowledge the amount of the contribution in writing.
- Maintain detailed records of your out-of-pocket expenses, including receipts and a written record of the time, place, amount and charitable purpose of the expense.